Basic Image Transformations

I am hoping someone can point me in the right direction on this. I just started learning Lua and I can't seem to figure this out even though I think it should be obvious. Can someone give me a very simple example of how to change an existing sprite's image? I understand how to assign the image like this:

-- I understand how to set up the image and assign it in my game's source file
-- gfx is the shortened version of
 local playerImage ="Images/playerImage")
 assert( playerImage )

-- This assigns the playerImage local variable to playerSprite
 playerSprite = playerImage )

-- This moves the playerSprite to the middle of the Playdate screen
 playerSprite:moveTo( 200, 130 )

-- This adds the playerSprite to the world

What I can't seem to figure out is how to easily change playerSprite, meaning the image for playerSprite starts as one thing and changes to something else. I have been looking here: Inside Playdate and in my Lua book and there isn't an example. The SDK guide is not really helpful because I am not seeing real code getting used, it has been hit and miss for me. The examples that come with the Playdate Simulator don't have basic image transformations, I just need something simple. How do I change playerSprite from playerImage in the images folder to something else? I have been at this for about two weeks and have made a lot of progress but I am struggling with images. I have some programming experience but I don't do it for a living so assume I am an idiot in your response. Any help is appreciated.

I am not sure what you want to do but I assume that you want to animate a sprite.

The usual way to do it is to create an image table. It is a file containing the frames of your animation:

Its name must end by table-width-height. For example, this one is named chest-table-32-32.png.

You can load it by calling:

playerSprite.images ='chest')

Then you declare an update method for your sprite, and inside it you call setImage to change the current image:

local imageIndex = 0
function playerSprite:update() {
    imageIndex = imageIndex + 0.2
    if (imageIndex > self.images:getLength()) {
        imageIndex = imageIndex - self.images:getLength()
    self:setImage(self.images:getImage(floor(imageIndex + 1)))

Something like that :sweat_smile:

I do much the same thing as Daeke suggests. Except I have a bunch of bitmaps loaded at startup into an array. When it's time to animate the sprite, I advance it to the next array index, calling the image-setter on the sprite. At the end of the array it loops back to the 0th index.

It seems to work OK.

Along with my sprite, I have an update clock in milliseconds. During the spriteUpdate() I check if the sprite_update_time is less than the clock. If it is, the image is changes, and the sprite_update_time := clock + frame_delay to set the time for the next update.

The only "gotcha" with this is you need to update the image fix to the centre-position of the sprite, so changes in image dimensions of each frame don't make it wobble. If the frames are all the same size, obviously this doesn't matter.

Thanks, this is helpful. I still need to do some troubleshooting but I think I understand this a little better now. I think part of the problem is that I did not really breakout my sprites into a sub-class, they are all sort of mixed into the main.lua file in one heap. When I go back and look at some of the examples (Level 1-1 is good for anyone who reads this thread later) I can see what you both are talking about, it never occurred to me that the image table could be one file or that I could use an array and cycle through the images.